January 25, 2010
BCGold Corp. Defines More Copper-Gold Drill Targets at Minto / Carmacks Properties

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January 14, 2010
BCGold Corp. Re-negotiates Engineer Mine Property Agreement

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January 11, 2010
BCGold Corp. Grants Stock Options

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Geological Overview


Gold and roscoelite in mill dump sample from the Engineer vein. Photo 2 cm accross.
(click photo to enlarge)
Gold and roscoelite in place along the margin of the Engineer vein, 5th Level. Photo
10 cm across. (click photo to enlarge)

Native gold is the principle metallic mineral at Engineer Mine. It occurs in quartz veins as well as in quartz-calcite hydrothermal breccias along shear zones and at vein intersections. In veins, gold is often associated with roscoelite, a dark green to black vanadium mica that locally occurs in epithermal gold systems of alkalic affinity. Minor pyrite, tetrahedrite, chalcopyrite, antimony, berthierite, allemontite and tellurides are also reported. Arsenic is consistent as a trace element pathfinder to gold. Gold grades are very sporadic ranging from trace to 50 grams per tonne gold. The Engineer Mine is noted for museum class gold and electrum specimens and is a type locality for the mineral allemontite (stibarsen and native arsenic).

Shear Zone "A" Hydrothermal Breccia and 2008 Drill Hole Program

Figure 1. Summary map of the veins, hydrothermal breccias, and Shear
Zone "A" relationships on the Engineer Mine Property. The entire property is underlain by Laberge Group argillite with minor greywacke. Monzodiorite dykes occur across the Property trending northwest and northeast.

Quartz veining and gold mineralization occurs in two modes at the Engineer Mine Property: in brittle deformation and hydrothermal breccia zones along Shear Zone “A” and along structures outside of the Shear Zone “A” deformation zone.

Shear Zone “A” is a northwest-trending 200 metre-wide shear zone with a protracted deformation history, related as a splay to the major terrane-bounding Llewellyn fault. Earliest semi-ductile deformation along Shear Zone “A” may be as old as Late Triassic. Shear Zone “A” was then reactivated along its northern boundary in the Eocene. The reactivation coincides with the emplacement of a volcanic complex immediately to the southeast at Engineer Mountain; part of the Sloko Group. Hydrothermal fluids related to the Sloko Group volcanic complex were focused along Shear Zone “A” and other pre-existing fractures on the property resulting in gold-bearing hydrothermal veins and breccias.

The first mode of gold mineralization at the Engineer Mine Property, occurring in brittle deformation and hydrothermal breccias zones along the Shear Zone “A” deformation zone, represents a bulk tonnage gold target. This gold occurs in quartz-calcite-pyrite cemented hydrothermal breccias and quartz vein zones 50 metres along a strike length of more than 250 metres. The lateral and depth extents have not been tested. The breccia zone is focused along the north side of Shear Zone “A”, in the Eocene reactivated domain. Several breccia types are recognized in core, including pyrite cemented polymict breccias, fine pale quartz-cemented breccias, dark siliceous breccias with varying clast content, and intrusive clast breccias. Overprinting, multi-stage quartz-pyrite veining relationships are also recorded in core. Gold values are highest in zones of fine quartz flooding, and high silver values are attributed to quartz-arsenopyrite-stibnite veins.

Photos From the Hydrothermal Breccia on Shear Zone "A"

            Above: Multipel phases of late quartz veins cutting earlier pyrite and quartz
cemented hydrothermal breccia. Breccia clasts are strongly clay and
sericite-altered. (click photo to enlarge)




Quartz cemented multiphase hydrothermal breccia with angular dark wall rock argillite clasts and finely disseminated sulphides, including pyrite and
arsenopyrite. (click photo to enlarge)
Bladed calcite in quartz-carbonate veins through intensely clay and sericite-altered wall rock and monzodiorite dykes. (click photo to enlarge) 



Pyrite cemented polymict hydrothermal breccia. (click photo to enlarge)
Quartz cemented polymict hydrothermal breccia including intensely clay
and serecite-altered wall rock and intrusive clasts. (click photo to

The second mode of mineralization at the Engineer Mine Property is in high grade gold and silver veins that occur outside of the Shear Zone “A” deformation zone, such as the veins historically mined at the Engineer Mine. These quartz-calcite veins formed in pre-existing structures that were re-opened during the Eocene hydrothermal event and reactivation of Shear Zone “A”. To the south of Shear Zone “A”, the veins are both extensional and shear veins in character and show a structural relationship to Shear Zone “A” movement. Historic production in the area was from the Engineer and Double Decker veins (Figure 1) that extend south from the re-activated section of Shear Zone “A”. These veins are less than 2 metres wide, strike northeast, and pinch and swell along strike but have good vertical continuity.

Left: Engineer vein, a multi-phase, quartz-carbonate-
        roscoelite-gold vein. (click photo to enlarge)
Right: Two phases of veining along the Engineer vein.
         (click photo to enlarge)

Other important gold veins that occur outside of the Shear Zone “A” deformation zone are the high-grade Shaft vein and the Boulder-Governor vein system; all are to the north of Shear Zone “A”. The Shaft vein is vertical on surface but changes to moderately southwest-dipping at depth. It produces coarse free gold. A high-grade zone on the Shaft vein 113 metres below surface on the 5th Level underground has bands of arsenopyrite and stibnite up to 1 centimetre wide. The mineralogy is similar to the very high grade Engineer vein to the south. The nearby Bolder-Governor vein system produces free gold in quartz and carbonate concentrated in hydrothermal breccia zones up to 5 metres wide and 50 metres long at vein intersections. The veins strike northwest and southeast. Bonanza gold grades were mined in the 1990’s at these vein intersections.

  The Shaft vein: 1 cm bands of quartz-arsenopyrite-stibnite across a 20 cm vein. (click
photo to enlarge)

  Boulder-Governor system: veins and gold-rich quartz-calcite hydrothermal breccias at
vein intersections. (click photo to enlarge)     

The host rock to all the veins and breccia zones on the Property is argillite and greywacke of the Laberge Group. Monzodiorite dykes related to the Sloko Group complex occur across the Property, displaying varying degrees of quartz-carbonate-clay alteration. Some of the most altered dykes may be rhyolite dykes from the same intrusive event.

Mark H. F. Mauthner, Lee A. Groat and Mati Raudsepp
Department of Geological Sciences University of British Columbia
The Mineralogical Record, volume 27, July-August, 1996
(Click to view)

last updated: March 26, 2009



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